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Civil Construction and Engineering

June 4th, 2021

Civil engineering is a concept that deals with the design, construction and maintenance of the physical and naturally built environment. The act of civil construction and engineering includes bridges, roads, canals, airports, dams and buildings. These are merely just a few examples of what civil construction and engineering is about.

Civil engineering is one of the oldest engineering disciplines after military engineering. It has been an aspect of life since the beginning of human existence. Until modern times there was no clear distinction between civil engineering and architecture.

One of the main aspects of civil construction and engineering is structural engineering. With structural engineering a structure needs to be able to successfully support itself as well as being able to resist loads. It is the job of a structural engineer to ensure that the design and construction of aspects such as bridges, roads and airports etc are safe and successful for their function. Some of the design considerations that need to be kept in mind are the strength, stiffness and stability of the civil construction. All of these need to commit to safety checks so that the structure can hold itself. Other considerations that need to be kept in mind when it comes to the civil construction and engineering includes the cost, constructability, safety, aesthetics and sustainability of the proposed structure.

In the society that we live in today it is safe to say that society wouldn’t work without civil construction and engineering. This is because the infrastructures that we use in our daily lives, the infrastructures that support our daily lives wouldn’t be in existence if it wasn’t for civil construction and engineering. We use aspects such as roads and harbours, railways and airports, hospitals, sports stadiums and schools, access to drinking water and shelter from the weather in our daily lives without a second thought to the construction and engineering that is behind them. We rely more than ever on building contractor teams and inventive people who design and build as well as maintain the sophisticated environment that surrounds our everyday life.

The job of a civil construction team/engineer is more than merely the building side of these infrastructures. They have many activities that they must do every day, including drafting, decision making, computer interaction, communication, documentation, creative thinking, organising, information collecting, estimating and analysing. It is the job of a construction engineer to draft and design structures and show others how to build them. A construction engineer has to analyse information and make the right decision to solve the problems.

If you are a business owner or the owner of property who wishes to expend and build civil structures such as a road to provide easier access or an extension is needed at an airport, it is essential that you enlist the help of a building contractor team who are highly skilled and experienced in undertaking all aspects of civil building and construction. The building contractor team should have structural engineers who are able to undertake the planning and safety aspects of the design to ensure that the finished product is up to standards.

All You Need to Know About Creating a Pond – Including Positioning, Constructing and Maintenance

June 4th, 2021

Below you can find advice on where to locate your pond, how to build it and how to efficiently maintain it. People often overlook the need for ongoing maintenance to a pond, however this is vital if you want to keep your water feature free from problems such as blanket weed and algae.

Location

A sunny position id best in order to attract wildlife to your pond. However, this should be balanced with allowing for a bit of shade to reduce the chances of the formation of blanket weed.
Do not build the pond directly underneath a tree. This will lead to unwanted debris such as leaves and twigs falling into your pond, and this will need cleaning up regularly.
Position your pond within long grass in order to create a nice sheltered environment at the edge for small wildlife dwellers
Construction
Ensure that the whole you dig for your pond slopes down gradually from the edge so that animals can easily get in and out. Shelved sections are also useful, in order to cater for many varying forms of plant and wildlife.
Create a deeper section (about 60cm) in the centre of the pond. This will ensure that the pond should never fully freeze over in the winter.
Line the hole using butyl or polythene, this is a much quicker method than the traditional one of using clay
If at all possible, fill you pond with rain water. If you have to use tap water then leave this to stand for a few days before introducing fish to the pond. This will leave time for any additives to evaporate.
Remember that not all types of wildlife with co-habit well. Goldfish often eat tadpoles and water snails, so keep them apart! It is best to do research before you populate your pond.
Do not introduce wildlife to your pond yourself; let the wildlife find the pond naturally! This will reduce the risk of invasive or diseased species setting up home.
Maintenance

Clear vegetation from the water regularly. The best time to do this is in the autumn to minimize the effect on the wildlife.
Clear out fallen leaves regularly to ensure they don’t rot on the bottom of the pond.
Prevent your pond from totally freezing over in the winter by allowing a tennis ball to float on the surface. Once the ice has formed, remove the ball to leave a small breathing hole
If you pond becomes covered in blanket weed you must act quickly to remove this algae